Sequoia Sempervirens

Some interesting facts about Sequoia sempervirens:

A mere 150 years ago California’s western edge was dominated by an ancient redwood forest the size of Connecticut. Today, less than 3% of that original forest exists. The remaining remnants are a living testament to what was once the greatest forest on Earth.

They are dependent on moist climate for their survival. Year round fog acts as insulation, cooling the forests in the summer months and warming them in the winter. By transpiring, or “breathing out” huge amounts of moisture, coast redwoods can create their own fog. A single redwood can transpire as much as 500 gallons a day. That’s as much water as you might use in an hour long shower.

The forest is full of clones. Although redwoods can grow from seeds, they are much more successful at cloning themselves. Young redwoods will sprout from the base of a mature tree, utilizing the parent’s developed root system for rapid growth and nutrient uptake. Sequoia sempervirens means ever-living. Several generations of trees can be seen growing in a ring where a parent tree once stood. These “fairy rings” carry genetic codes millions of years old.

Average Height: 300 ft
Tallest to date: 379ft

Average Age: 200 years
Oldest: 2,200 years

For more info on the
North Coast Redwood Forests

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